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High Cholesterol: Causes and Treatments

Cholesterol is a waxy, fatty compound that appears organically in the human body. While we have come to view it as a danger to health, it is essential for cellular health and development. Cholesterol plays a role in building cell membranes, synthesizing vitamin D, and facilitating hormone production. However, high cholesterol levels can put you at risk for numerous health concerns. 

At CardioVascular Health Clinic, we provide thorough heart care, screenings, and comprehensive evaluations that help patients optimize their heart health.

What is High Cholesterol?

High cholesterol is a condition involving an overabundance of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the system. These proteins carry cholesterol throughout your body, but when your body overproduces this type of protein, fatty deposits accumulate on artery and blood vessel walls. The buildup – plaque -- congests the arteries and blood vessels, leading to significant medical events like stroke and cardiac arrest. 

However, another type of lipoprotein (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL) can absorb excess cholesterol and transfer it to the liver, where it is flushed from the body. Elevating HDL cholesterol can reduce your risk of coronary artery disease and other heart-related health complications.

While high cholesterol can be the result of inherited factors, it is mainly caused or exacerbated by lack of exercise, obesity, a high-fat, high-sodium, high-calorie diet, or smoking. 

How is High Cholesterol Treated?

First, a cholesterol screening must be conducted to establish the degree of elevated cholesterol, and to learn your heart disease risk. Screenings establish your full lipid profile and identify your LDL and HDL cholesterol levels. 

Managing high LDL cholesterol is crucial for people with arterial plaque, high blood pressure, diabetes, or other conditions associated with a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease. 

Everyone is unique; if you struggle with high cholesterol, your high cholesterol treatment protocols might involve several interventions. The conditions that will affect your treatment plan will be the following: 

  • Blood pressure readings
  • Medical history
  • Diet
  • Cardiovascular fitness
  • Age
  • Ethnic background

High cholesterol treatments might include the following: 

Lifestyle modifications: Numerous lifestyle factors increase your risk of experiencing medical complications caused by high LDL cholesterol. These include a lack of physical activity and a high-fat, high-calorie diet. Incorporating more exercise into your daily routine and eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and seeds might lower your LDL cholesterol and raise your HDL cholesterol.

Medications: It is possible to use prescription drugs to reduce LDL cholesterol levels. One group of widely used medications is statins. Statins lower LDL cholesterol by inhibiting the liver's production of cholesterol.

Everyone over 20 should have a cholesterol screening every five years. If your test results aren’t optimal, your doctor might recommend undergoing more frequent screenings. Your doctor might also suggest additional screenings in the following circumstances:

  • You have an existing condition like diabetes or heart disease
  • You have a family history of high cholesterol
  • You belong to a medically high-risk group 
  • You take medications that raise cholesterol

If you have concerns about your heart health, please don’t hesitate to contact our dedicated team of representatives to schedule a screening today.

Patient Resources

We’re committed to timely, efficient, and affordable care.
Here is a collection of useful resources our new and existing patients need in one convenient location.
Please let us know if you need additional information or have any questions.


I’m about one month out and things are so much better. At my two week evaluation my symptom score had gone from a 27 to a 7, and I’m sure it’s even better now. That speaks volumes. Now that I’m post recovery, there is no incontinence, I go to the bathroom much less and there are no ED side effects like there are with other procedures. In regard to my quality of life, well, I don’t maintain my life based on my proximity to a bathroom anymore.

Blaine P., M.D.
Professional staff working in a beautiful facility with great doctors who sincerely care about their patients. Without Dr. Schmidt's skill, I would have needed heart bypass surgery instead of a stent. Follow-up has been thorough. I can't recommend them highly enough.
LeAnn H.

Dr. Jim Melton and all the staff are fantastic. He is an excellent surgeon and his team is GREAT!!!! I just had surgery at the surgery center, I have only great things to say about my experience. Without him I really don't think I would be here to write this. If you’re looking for a good cardiovascular team, they are a 5 star for sure.

Susie H.

Dr. Parsons and staff are amazing. He truly listened to me from the consult. Staff showed genuine care for my progress post procedure. I had my follow up appointment today so satisfied with results. Blake made me comfortable from the start. He is an activist for uterine fibroids treatment beyond the standard.

Tamara M.

Professional and caring staff. Dr. Smith is very knowledgeable and shows genuine concern for your personal health. I enjoyed the background music in the procedure room, it really adds to the relaxing atmosphere.

David L.

Dr. John Schrader is the most personable doctor we know. He stays on top of my dads health care and is genuinely concerned about his health. We never leave his office with questions. He answers them all. Even questions we don’t think of. Always professional but never cold or bad bedside manner. In our opinion he is THE BEST around.
Thank you Dr Schrader.

Kathy J.

I came to Dr. Warren by a self referral for mals when it took me 8yrs 50+ doctors and thousands of dollars spent on no answers. My first visit I was scared I was just going to be gaslighted just like the past however I was pleasantly shocked when Dr. Warren immediately believed me. She took the time to review many disk I had brought from past tests. She never once dismissed me and listened to ever word I had to say. She scheduled one last test to confirm the diagnosis then I was scheduled for surgery right away. Surgery was a success and I can’t thank her and her staff enough. Dr. Warren truly saved my life.

Angie W.

Dr. Garner literally saved my life 18 months ago and I've followed him to his new practice with Cardiovascular Health. He explains things so clearly, listens and is just a very nice person. His staff is great, too! I highly recommend!

D Watts

Some of the nicest staff that I have ever dealt with!! They have been so incredibly awesome to my mom!! Would definitely recommend them to anyone!! Thank you so much for being so great with her!!

Christy G.

The staff, the nurses, and Dr. Parsons were all amazing. Everything was simple and went well – very Bravo Zulu (military phrase meaning "well done"). In addition to the great staff at CardioVascular Health Clinic, the facilities were clean and well maintained. I have no complaints about anything. The whole experience was A1. I would recommend Dr. Parsons to anyone. He made a huge impact on my life.

John W.

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